2 edition of Measurements of ice motion in Lake Erie using satellite-tracked drifter buoys found in the catalog.
Measurements of ice motion in Lake Erie using satellite-tracked drifter buoys
Joan E Campbell
by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories in Ann Arbor, Mich
Written in English
|Statement||Joan E. Campbell, Anne H. Clites, Gordon M. Greene|
|Series||NOAA data report ERL GLERL -- 30, GLERL contribution -- no. 469|
|Contributions||Clites, Anne H, Greene, Gordon M, Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 22 p. :|
|Number of Pages||22|
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Surface drifting buoys, or drifters, are used in oceanographic and climate research, oil spill tracking, weather forecasting, search and rescue operations, calibration and validation of velocities from high-frequency radar and from altimeters, iceberg tracking, and support of offshore drilling operations. In this review, we present a brief history of drifters, from . Satellite-tracked drifting buoys, popularly known as WOCE buoys, are drogued at a depth of either 15 or 50 meters and provide near real-time ocean current information. For operational use by IIP, WOCE buoys are deployed primarily in the .
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Four Argos tracked drifting buoys were used to measure ice movement on lake Erie during the winter of The observed ice drift speeds averages 8 cm s⁻¹. Speeds as high as 46 cm ⁻¹ were measured and % of all speeds were greater than 20 cm s⁻¹.
Measurements of ice motion in Lake Erie using satellite-tracked drifter buoys. NOAA Data Report ERL GLERL, (PB/XAB) 28 pp. Carney, H.J., and G.L. FAHNENSTIEL. MEASUREMENTS OF ICE MOTION IN LAKE ERIE USING SATELLITE-TRACKE DRIFTED R BUOYS* Joan E.
Campbell, Anne H. elites, and Gordon M. Greene ABSTRACT. Four Argos tracked drifting buoys were use tdo measure ice movement on Lake Erie during the winter of Th observe - ed ice drift speeds average 8d cm s"l. Speed as higsh as 46 cm.
This study documents in situ time series measurements of ice thickness made in the central basin of the lake during the winter of – as part of a joint NSF-NOAA program to measure and model ice growth and its effects in Lake Erie. The ice cover in Lake Erie during the winter of – was above average but not atypical; Assel et Cited by: 2.
Campbell JE, Clites AH, Green GM () Measurements of ice motion in Lake Erie using satellite-tracked drifter buoys. NOAA Data Report ERL GLERL, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor Google ScholarCited by: Measurements of ice motion in Lake Erie using satellite-tracked drifter buoys.
NOAA Data Report ERL GLERL, (PB/XAB) 28 pp. No abstract. Description: Four Argos tracked drifting buoys were used to measure ice movement on lake Erie during the winter of The observed ice drift speeds averages 8 cm s⁻¹.
Speeds as high as 46 cm ⁻¹ were measured and % of all speeds were greater than 20 cm. Measurements of Ice Motion in Lake Erie Using Satellite-Tracked Drifter Buoys: J.E. Campbell, A.H. Clites, and G.M. Greene () (PDF MB). Buoys designed specifically for a LORAN-C system embodied in a satellite-tracked drifter buoy.
The purpose '' that transmits data via FM radio have been used sue- Ihe 's t' more accurate) cessfully in the (Crawford ). nowever, the FM spaced times series of Lagrangian current measurements. Measurements of ice movement in Lake Erie using drifting buoys in winter show that wind is the major forcing to ice transport in the Great Lakes (Campbell et al., ).
They reported that the mean observed speed of the buoys in ice is about 8 cm s − 1, half the mean speed observed in open water. Time series measurements of ice thicknesses were made at either 1 or 2 Hz at 6 locations in the western part of Lake Erie's central basin during the winter of – Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.): Measurements of ice motion in Lake Erie using satellite-tracked drifter buoys / (Ann Arbor, Mich.: United States Dept.
of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, ), also by Joan E. Campbell, Gordon M. Greene, Anne H. Clites, and Great. This work focuses on the evaluation of ocean current measurement techniques, using the multi-frequency coastal radar (MCR), a system that operates on.
This study examines temporal and spatial variability of ice cover in the Great Lakes using historical satellite measurements from to The seasonal cycle of ice cover was constructed for.
Interannual variability of ice cover, circulation, and thermal structure in Lake Erie for was investigated using a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model coupled with ice processes.
 Drifter buoys were deployed in southern Lake Michigan in and to measure the near‐surface circulation. The drifter data also helps to evaluate the level of confidence and identify potential areas of high uncertainty in the hydrodynamic model simulations.
Lake ice and river ice are primarily Northern Hemisphere phenomena, where most of the ice is seasonal. That is, the ice forms in the autumn, thickens during the winter, and melts in the spring.
Weather buoys are instruments which collect weather and ocean data within the world's oceans, as well as aid during emergency response to chemical spills, legal proceedings, and engineering buoys have been in use sincewhile drifting buoys have been used since Moored buoys are connected with the ocean bottom using either chains, nylon, or.
The counter‐rotating eddy pairs were observed by Cokelet et al. [, sections 7 and 8] using ADCPs and satellite‐tracked drifting buoys. The transport of the Kamchatka Current integrated from coast to m isobath is about 20 Sv (see Figure 1), consistent with the data‐assimilated model estimate of 14–24 Sv by Panteleev et al.
During the summers of and a network of current meter moorings, meteorological buoys, and satellite drifters wa. Satellite-reporting ARGOS/GPS drifting buoys (Clearwater Instrumentation) were used to track the surface circulation in eastern Lake Ontario and upper St.
Lawrence River and validate modeled advection. The drifters have excellent water tracking capability with very low direct wind- and wave-induced horizontal motion to the drifter (Davis, Campbell J.E., Clites A.H., Greene ements of ice motion in Lake Erie using satellite-tracked drifter buoys NOAA.
Some of the measurements desired by Rumer and Crissman () were reported by Campbell et al. (). Four satellite-tracked drifting buoys were used to measure Lake Erie ice movement during one winter period.
Chase () discussed using satellite imagery for interpretation of Great Lakes ice extent and ice drifting.